Ethnicity is a method of classification based upon a common trait of the population, such as a common heritage, a common culture, a shared language or dialect.
Find articles by Sonia Caprio Stephen R. Daniels Find articles by Stephen R. Palinkas Find articles by Lawrence A. Rosenbloom Find articles by Arlan L. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Obesity may be thought of as a body weight that conveys significant risk for adverse health outcomes.
In children, obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for age and sex, based on population data from the s 12.
The prevalence of obesity has increased markedly in U. Obesity-related risk factors and diseases formerly seen only in adults are increasingly being recognized in obese adolescents and even younger children.
Race and ethnicity are terms used to categorize populations on the basis of shared characteristics. Race has traditionally been used to categorize populations on the basis of shared biological characteristics such as genes, skin color, and other observable features.
Ethnicity is used to categorize on the basis of cultural characteristics such as shared language, ancestry, religious traditions, dietary preferences, and history.
Although ethnic groups can share a range of phenotypic characteristics due to their shared ancestry, the term is typically used to highlight cultural and social characteristics instead of biological ones 3. Both race and ethnicity are, in fact, social constructs.
The assumption that race reflects only biological distinctions is inaccurate. Furthermore, both race and ethnicity are constantly evolving concepts, making the task of comparing groups or following the same group over time quite challenging.
For instance, the increasing proportion of the U. Nevertheless, the social importance given to these constructs to describe groups that have been treated in similar ways based on presumed biological characteristics, as well as the acknowledgment that such classifications themselves have contributed to inequalities in health and health care access, necessitates that we continue to use the terms race and ethnicity.
Although childhood obesity is increasing in all ethnic and racial groups, its prev-alence is higher in nonwhite populations. The reasons for the differences in prevalence of childhood obesity among groups are complex, likely involving genetics, physiology, culture, socioeconomic status SESenvironment, and interactions among these variables as well as others not fully recognized.
Understanding the influence of these variables on the patterns of eating and physical activity that lead to obesity will be critical to developing public policies and effective clinical interventions to prevent and treat childhood obesity.
Following presentations by invited speakers and in-depth discussions, a seven-member panel of experts in pediatric endocrinology, cardiology, gastroenterology, nutrition, epidemiology, and anthropology developed this consensus statement on the influence of race, ethnicity, and culture on childhood obesity, addressing the following questions: Childhood obesity with its associated metabolic complications is emerging as a major global health challenge of the 21st century.
Despite efforts by government and public health officials, researchers, health care providers, and the media to bring attention to this growing health problem, the number of overweight and obese youth continues to increase. About million children worldwide are now classified as overweight or obese.ethnic group creates serious unrest and threat to the process of nation building.
Key words: ethnic politics, ethnic conflict, ethnic disagreements, identity movement, Assimilation Policies, internal colonialism, ethnic narrative Introduction Ethnicity is an important feature of human identity that manifests differently in different societies. Racial/ethnic differences in body fat distribution, insulin dynamics, fatty liver, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, and the influence of SES and culture on health, suggest that optimal treatments could well differ according to the race/ethnicity of the obese child.
The role of ethnicity and culture In the complex and what will likely be long battle against autism stigma, focusing on the roles that ethnicity and cultural context play in the production of stigmatising attitudes could be a particularly effective avenue. This is for several reasons outlined below.
A discussion of the role of religion in the concept of ethnicity. The role or character of 'religion' varies with an ethnic or social group, and thus religion is a more important factor . Jos is one of the most peaceful cities in Nigeria and due to this fact it attracted different ethnic, religious groups and foreigners, the most notable ethnic group are Author: Salihu Hammed Alabi.
race & ethnicity.
Race and ethnicity are physical attributes of people, but also ways of seeing and understanding the world. Media plays an influential role in shaping how we think about and enact race in our everyday lives.
In the United States and other Western contexts, whites and whiteness have historically been associated with superiority and privilege; people of color have historically.