Before coming to an end, it involved overpersons and twenty-seven states and territories and would paralyze the nations railway system. The entire rail labor force of the nation would walk away from their jobs. In supporting the capital side of this strike President Cleveland for the first time in the Nation's history would send in federal troops, who would fire on and kill United States Citizens, against the wishes of the states.
Pullman Strike The Pullman Strike of was one of the most influential events in the history of U. The events surrounding the strike catapulted several leaders to prominence and brought national focus to issues concerning labor unrest, Socialismand the need for new efforts to balance the economic interests of labor and capitalism.
Pullman strikeyear-old George M. Pullman, an ambitious entrepreneur who had moved from New York to Chicago, found success as a building contractor. When a new sewage system was installed that necessitated the raising of downtown buildings by ten feet, he ran a business where he oversaw large teams of men working with huge jacks to raise the buildings.
Pullman quickly became wealthy. Continuing his penchant for innovation, Pullman turned in to the subject of railroad travel Pullman strike created a new line of luxury railroad cars featuring comfortable seating, restaurants, and improved sleeping accommodations.
The Pullman Strike of was a milestone in American labor history, as the widespread strike by railroad workers brought business to a standstill until the federal government took unprecedented . Pullman Strike The most famous and farreaching labor conflict in a period of severe economic depression and social unrest, the Pullman Strike began May 11, , with a walkout by Pullman Palace Car Company factory workers after negotiations over declining wages failed. Pullman Strike, (May 11, –c. July 20, ), in U.S. history, widespread railroad strike and boycott that severely disrupted rail traffic in the Midwest of the United States in June–July
As demand for the "Pullman coaches" grew, Pullman further demonstrated his financial acumen. He did not sell his sleeping cars; instead he leased them to railroad companies. Bythe Pullman Company operated over 2, cars on almost every major U.
Between andthe village of Pullman was built on 4, acres. Houses were well-built brick structures that featured cutting-edge conveniences of the era such as indoor plumbing and gas heat. Other innovations included regular garbage pick-up, a modern sewer system, and landscaped streets.
An equally firm believer in the necessity of making a profit, Pullman operated his town as he operated his company, leasing the housing to his workers and selling them food, gas, and water at a 10 percent markup. Treasury surpluses, and the passage in of the Sherman Silver Act led to the financial panic of The ensuing corporate failures, mass layoffs of workers, and bank closings plunged the country into a major depression.
In response, the Pullman Company fired more than a third of the workforce and instituted reduced hours and wage cuts of more than 25 percent for the remaining hourly employees. Rent was deducted directly from their paychecks, leaving many workers with no money to feed and clothe their families.
In desperation, many workers joined the newly established American Railway Union ARU that claimed a membership of local unions andworkers. ARU organizer and president eugene v. In Maythe workers struck the Pullman Company. Debs directed the strike and widened its scope, asking other train workers outside Chicago to refuse to work on trains that included Pullman cars.
While the workers did agree to permit trains carrying the U. Instead, they added Pullman cars to all their trains, including the ones that only transported freight. Despite repeated attempts by the union to discuss the situation with Pullman, he refused to negotiate.
As the strike spread, entire rail lines were shut down. The railroads quickly formed the General Managers Association GMA and announced that switchmen who did not move rail cars would be fired immediately. The ARU responded with a union-wide walkout.
By the end of June, 50, railroad workers had walked off their jobs.
The economic threat and sporadic violence led the GMA to call for federal troops to be brought in. Illinois governor John P. Altgeld, who was sympathetic to the cause of the striking workers, refused the request for troops.
When striking workers were read the indictment and refused to disperse, Olney obtained a federal court injunction holding the workers in Contempt and, in effect, declaring the strike illegal.The Pullman Strike. Chicago, IL:Charles H. Kerr & Company, for the Illinois Labor History Society, Foner, Philip S.
History of the Labor Movement in the United States. Pullman Strike The most famous and farreaching labor conflict in a period of severe economic depression and social unrest, the Pullman Strike began May 11, , with a walkout by Pullman Palace Car Company factory workers after negotiations over declining wages failed.
PULLMAN STRIKEThe Pullman Strike of was one of the most influential events in the history of U.S. labor. What began as a walkout by railroad workers in the company town of Pullman, Illinois, escalated into the country's first national strike.
The Pullman Strike of was the first national strike in United States history. Before coming to an end, it involved over , persons and twenty-seven states and territories and would paralyze the nations railway system. The Pullman workers joined the ARU, and Debs became the leader of the Pullman strike.
The ARU enjoyed wide influence among the workers who operated trains. To bring pressure on Pullman, the union asked trainmen to refuse to run trains on which Pullman sleeping cars were attached.
Pullman Strike. The Pullman Strike of was one of the most influential events in the history of U.S. labor. What began as a walkout by railroad workers in the company town of Pullman, Illinois, escalated into the country's first national strike.