Some businesses write a business plan for internal review, tracking annual goals. Business plans are also used to seek investor loans or to finance their business. When presenting the plan for financing, it's important to conclude the plan with purpose, but to do so succinctly.
The report recognizes the importance of acquiring information through the proposed Regional Study to resolve or better understand the issues that are involved with the consequences of implementation of ASR regionally in south Florida at the unprecedented scale of 1.
The PMP goes a long way to providing the needed information. It is comprehensive, for the most part, and is linked well to the pilot ASR studies. The authors of the document should be commended for the effort that went into producing the plan and for the comprehensiveness of the proposed study.
This structure is of some concern given that results of the regional study may show that ASR at the scale being proposed is not feasible due to hydrogeological, geochemical, ecological, or other reasons. In such cases, the proposed plans to 1 apply the model or collect the sample2 collect the results, and 3 move on to the next task will not be appropriate.
Additional advanced consideration is warranted concerning what to do if the results of some phase s indicate that ASR, as originally planned, will not work. The regional modeling described in Task 9 may come closest to this ideal; in this task the plan specifically discusses multiple model runs for a range of alternatives in terms of well locations and numbers.
The PMP acknowledges the need for some flexibility in modification of the plan if early results warrant changes, and this is commendable. Articulation of specific hypotheses within the PMP is highly desirable, and this approach should be coupled with a plan that ensures evaluation of results in Page 40 Share Cite Suggested Citation: The National Academies Press.
A moderate number of the tasks in the PMP are not described in enough detail to allow for a substantive critique of methods at this stage. While this is understandable given the scope of the effort, these include such important topics as tracer tests, numerical modeling, interpretation of bioassay results, packer test intervals, and sampling frequency.
These topics deserve additional attention in later drafts. Ecological and water quality studies are described both in descriptions of tasks 10 through 13 and, somewhat independently, in Appendix L. Unfortunately, the task descriptions and the appendix are not well integrated, and sometimes appear contradictory.
The writers of the PMP are urged to make these sections more consistent with each other.
Based on the points raised in comments the specific tasks and functional area plans, the following recommendations are of particular importance: The proposed additional monitoring at the pilot sites is a good step, but probably still does not go far enough in terms of numbers of wells and well nests to characterize both hydraulic and biogeochemical processes.
Vertical and horizontal heterogeneity of the aquifer system will make this a difficult task that will require extensive testing. Likewise, recharge of the ASR wells should continue, if at all possible, until some time after the injection water is detected at all of these monitor wells, to understand the physical and chemical behavior of the system as fully as possible.
Likewise, improved understanding of potential geochemical reactions should be a priority all pilot sites. This may require additional monitoring during cycle testing beyond that anticipated in the PMP.
Given the heterogeneity of the Florida Aquifer system FAS with respect to salinity and physical properties at existing ASR sites, there may be significant variability in these properties from site to site.
Some of the funds necessary to expand such monitoring and sampling should come through de-emphasizing continuous coring. While coring can be useful, it is costly and may yield unreliable and non-representative data.
Given these limitations, it might be prudent to reduce the coring program and use the savings to support installation of additional monitoring wells for field tests of hydraulic properties and for hydrogeochemical characterization.
Column studies are proposed to assess interactions between microorganisms and the subsurface materials. Due to the presence of fractures and other features in the FAS, it will be difficult, if not impossible, to obtain representative, quantitative information on transport using column studies.
Such results should be treated with caution. The proposed bioassays and mesocosm studies emphasize response of individual taxa rather than community- and ecosystem-level effects. However, these studies may reveal only sublethal effects e. Such results would be difficult to extend to impacts on the larger ecosystem e.Read chapter 4 Conclusions and Recommendations: The report reviews a comprehensive research plan on Everglades restoration drafted by federal and Florida.
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