Electronic ID Animal identification and record keeping Record keeping is an important aspect of sheep production. Performance record keeping helps to identify which lambs should be kept as replacements, which ewes should be kept or culled, and which rams sire the best lambs. The National Scrapie Eradication Programs requires producers to keep records on animal disposition.
Organ-on-a-chip The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering US intends to develop in-vitro organs for drug screening and thereby eliminate the use of animals for this type of testing. One model is the "lung-on-a-chip". Human toxome[ edit ] Toxicity testing typically involves studying adverse health outcomes in animals subjected to high doses of toxicants with subsequent extrapolation to expected human responses at lower doses.
The low-throughput of current toxicity testing approaches which are largely the same for industrial chemicals, pesticides and drugs has led to a backlog of more than 80, chemicals to which humans are potentially exposed whose potential toxicity remains largely unknown.
A Vision and a Strategy",  that charted a long-range strategic plan for transforming toxicity testing.
The major components of the plan include the use of predictive, high-throughput cell-based assays of human origin to evaluate perturbations in key toxicity pathways, and to conduct targeted testing against those pathways. This approach will greatly accelerate our ability to test the vast "storehouses" of chemical compounds using a rational, risk-based approach to chemical prioritization, and provide test results that are hopefully far more predictive of human toxicity than current methods.
Although a number of toxicity pathways have already been identified, most are only partially known and no common annotation exists. Mapping the entirety of these pathways i. SEURAT-1 will develop knowledge and technology building blocks required for the development of solutions for the replacement of current repeated dose systemic toxicity testing in vivo used for the assessment of human safety.
These projects will closely cooperate with a common goal and combine the research efforts of over 70 European universities, public research institutes and companies. The collaboration between these six research projects, the dissemination of results, the cooperation with other international research teams, and the continuous updating on research priorities will be facilitated by the coordination and support action project "COACH".
The Cosmetics Europe industry offered to match the EC's funds to make a total of EUR 50 million available to try to fill current gaps in scientific knowledge and accelerate the development of non-animal test methods.
Euroecotox[ edit ] Laboratory animals are not restricted to rats, mice, dogs, and rabbits, but also include fish, frogs and birds. Research into alternatives to replace these species is often neglected, although fish are the third most widely used laboratory animal used for scientific purposes in the EU.
Euroecotox  is a European network for alternative testing strategies in ecotoxicology.
The main objectives of the Euroecotox network are: To contribute to the advancement of alternative methods of ecotoxicity testing in Europe.
To promote the validation and regulatory acceptance of new alternative ecotoxicity methods. To facilitate the networking of research groups working in the field of alternative ecotoxicology.
To provide a gathering point for all stakeholders involved in the development, validation, regulatory acceptance and final use of alternative ecotoxicity testing strategies. To act as the one voice for alternative ecotoxicity testing in Europe.
The European Commission is currently funding a number of research consortia to develop new 3Rs replacement, reduction and refinement test methods and strategies as potential alternatives to the use of animals in safety testing. Monitoring of these 3Rs activities at pan-European, national, and international levels is vital to facilitate swift progress.
AXLR8 aims to fulfill this growing need by providing a focal point for dialogue and collaboration. Scientific congresses[ edit ] The European Society for Alternatives to Animal Testing EUSAAT  organises an annual conference in Linz Austria for Dissemination and validation of alternative methods to animal testing Promotion of research in the field of the 3Rs Reduction of the use of animals for tests in the field of education and continuing education Reduction of suffering and stress of laboratory animals by better breeding, keeping, test planning and other accompanying measures Experts' guidance and referees' opinion for public and private organizations, companies, universities Suitable information for the public and the media The World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences takes place every three years.
The next conference 10th will be held in September in Seattle. Represents the interests of more than companies in the cosmetic, toiletry and perfumery industry since In such cases, we try to convince the local authorities to change the law. Where some testing of ingredients is required by law or currently unavoidable, we aim to minimise the number of animals used.
We replace animal experiments whenever an alternative method is available that complies with an OECD Test Guideline and is recognized by the authorities. Please improve this article or discuss the issue on the talk page.Animal identification and record keeping. Record keeping is an important aspect of sheep production.
Performance record keeping helps to identify which lambs should be kept as replacements, which ewes should be kept or culled, and which rams sire the best lambs.
Diagnostic research on animal nutrition problems. During the descriptive phase of livestock systems research, data obtained from informal surveys, secondary data sources and other diagnostic studies can be used to determine the need for further diagnostic research on animal nutrition issues.
Farm animal identification. By Marybeth Feutz Leave a Comment. Pin. Share. Tweet. Yum. Although most farmers don’t name every animal they have, knowing which animal is which is still very important.
Farmers use ear tags like these to identify individual animals in a herd where one animal looks very much like another. An ear tag is a plastic or metal object used for identification of domestic livestock and other animals.
If the ear tag uses Radio Frequency Identification Device technology it is referred to as an electronic ear yunusemremert.comonic ear tags conform to international standards ISO and ISO working at kHz, as well as ISO/IEC C operating in the UHF spectrum. Alternatives to animal testing are the development and implementation of test methods that avoid the use of live animals..
There is widespread agreement that a reduction in the number of animals used and the refinement of testing to reduce suffering should be important goals for the industries involved. Two major alternatives to in vivo animal testing are in vitro cell culture techniques and.
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