Anthropology of religion and Human sacrifice The wide distribution of the practice of witch-hunts in geographically and culturally separated societies Europe, Africa, India, New Guinea since the s has triggered interest in the anthropological background of this behaviour. The belief in magic and divinationand attempts to use magic to influence personal well-being to increase life, win love, etc. Belief in witchcraft has been shown to have similarities in societies throughout the world. It presents a framework to explain the occurrence of otherwise random misfortunes such as sickness or death, and the witch sorcerer provides an image of evil.
Daniel Andrews Other victims include two dogs who were shot or killed after being suspected of witchcraft.
The fact is, no accused witches were burned at the stake in Salem, Massachusetts. Salem was ruled by English law at the time, which only allowed death by burning to be used against men who committed high treason and only after they had been hanged, quartered and drawn.
Crafts, circa As for why these victims were targeted in the first place, historians have noted that many of the accused were wealthy and held different religious beliefs than their accusers.
This, coupled with the fact that the accused also had their estates confiscated if they were convicted has led many historians to believe that religious feuds and property disputes played a big part in the witch trials.
Life After the Salem Witch Trials: Daily chores, business matters and other activities were neglected during the chaos of the witch trials, causing many problems in the colony for years to come, according to the book The Witchcraft of Salem Village: The people had been so determined upon hunting out and destroying witches that they had neglected everything else.
Planting, cultivating, the care of houses, barns, roads, fences, were all forgotten. As a direct result, food became scarce and taxes higher. Farms were mortgaged or sold, first to pay prison fees, then to pay taxes; frequently they were abandoned. Salem Village began that slow decay which eventually erased its houses and walls, but never its name and memory.
Since the witch trials ended, the colony also began to suffer many misfortunes such as droughts, crop failures, smallpox outbreaks and Native-American attacks and many began to wonder if God was punishing them for their mistake.
On December 17,Governor Stoughton issued a proclamation in hopes of making amends with God. The proclamation suggested that there should be: And according to his infinite benignity and sovereignty, not visit the sin of him, or of any other, upon himself or any of his, nor upon the land: But that he would powerfully defend him against all temptations to sin, for the future; and vouchsafe him the efficacious, saving conduct of his word and spirit.
And particularly, as I was a chief instrument of accusing of Goodwife Nurse and her two sisters, I desire to lie in the dust, and to be humbled for it, in that I was a cause, with others, of so sad a calamity to them and their families; for which cause I desire to lie in the dust, and earnestly beg forgiveness of God, and from all those unto whom I have given just cause of sorrow and offence, whose relations were taken away or accused.
Since some families of the victims did not want their family member listed, not every victim was named. The bill cleared the names of: Since some of the law enforcement involved in the Salem Witch Trials were being sued by some of the surviving victims, the bill also stated: At the announcement ceremony, playwright Arthur Miller made a speech and read from the last act of his play, The Crucible, which was inspired by the Salem Witch Trials.
On October 31,the state amended the apology and cleared the names of the remaining unnamed victims, stating: Everything we know now about the trials comes from just a handful of primary sources of the Salem Witch Trials.
In addition to official court records there are also several books written by the ministers and other people involved in the trials:- The Salem Witch Trials The Salem Witchcraft trials in Massachusetts during resulted in nineteen innocent men and women being hanged, one man pressed to death, and in the deaths of more than seventeen who died in jail.
The Salem Witch Trials Summary The Salem Witch Hunt. The Salem trials began in Several women and men were accused of illegal practice of witchcraft.
The individuals who were charged were residents of Salem Village in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The first women to be accused of the illicit practice of witchcraft were Sarah Osborne, Sarah Goode, and Tituba.
Nov 07, · The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of , after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by . The earliest known witch trials in which the accused were associated with the fully developed stereotype of the demonic witch was in the Valais witch trials of , Before the main period of witch hunts, men and women were equally accused of witchcraft and their social status was not .
Witchcraft in Salem George Jacobs Sr.
and his granddaughter Margaret were both accused of witchcraft, but Margaret managed to escape harm by claiming that Grandpa was indeed a witch. He was convicted and hanged in August Men were charged with malevolent witchcraft more often than women and received more than their share of condemnations, which were, however, rarely pronounced.
A charge for witchcraft was usually brought by a private person, as a rule the victim of the harm inflicted.