Visit Website While at Zurich Polytechnic, Einstein fell in love with his fellow student Mileva Maric, but his parents opposed the match and he lacked the money to marry. The couple had an illegitimate daughter, Lieserl, born in earlyof whom little is known. After finding a position as a clerk at the Swiss patent office in Bern, Einstein married Maric in ; they would have two more children, Hans Albert born and Eduard born In the first paper, he applied the quantum theory developed by German physicist Max Planck to light in order to explain the phenomenon known as the photoelectric effect, by which a material will emit electrically charged particles when hit by light.
Donate One of the greatest physicists of all time, Nobel Prize winner and discoverer of the special and general theory of relativity, Albert Einstein was born on March 14,in Ulm, Germanyof secular Ashkenazi German Jewish parents.
Einstein was observant for a time, but never had a bar mitzvah. Einstein did not believe in the commonly accepted anthropomorphic conception of God. He spent his early years in Munich where his father set up a small electrochemical business.
As a boy he was fascinated by algebra and geometry, though he detested the barracks discipline of German schools. Inhe entered the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, graduating in and receiving his doctorate from Zurich in Unable to get an academic position, he took a post with the patent office in Bern while continuing to pursue his concern with the fundamental problems of physics.
Inhe published four brilliant papers in the Annalen der Physik which were to transform twentieth-century scientific thought. A Popular Exposition,which profoundly modified the simple concepts of space and time on which Newtonian mechanics had been based.
His prediction of the deflection of light by the gravitational field of the sun was borne out by a British team of scientists at the time of the solar eclipse inmaking Einstein a household name.
Throughout the Weimar years he was lionized, especially abroad, though in Germany not only his work but also his pacifist politics aroused violent animosity in extreme right-wing circles.
Anti-semites sought to brand his theory of relativity as 'un-German' and during the Third Reich they partially achieved their objective, when Einstein's name could no longer be mentioned in lectures or scholarly papers, though his relativity theory was still taught.
During the s Einstein travelled widely in EuropeAmerica and Asia and identified himself with various public causes such as pacifism, Zionismthe League of Nations and European unity.
Inhe went on a fundraising tour of the United States. The following year, he stopped in Palestine for 12 days on the way back from a trip to Asia and gave the first-ever scientific lecture at Hebrew University.
His property was seized, a price was put on his head by Nazi fanatics and his books were among those burned publicly on May 10,as manifestations of the un-German spirit. He returned to the U.
A lifelong opponent of nationalism, Einstein regarded the Third Reich as a catastrophe for civilization and became an outspoken opponent of National Socialism, making his name became synonymous with treason in the Third Reich.
Alarmed at the prospect that Hitler's Germany might acquire an atomic bomb after two German physicists had discovered the fission of uranium, Einstein signed a letter to President Roosevelt in Augustwhich sparked off the Manhattan project.
It was one of the great ironies of his career that the pacifist Einstein, through this action, should have helped initiate the era of nuclear weapons to whose use he was completely opposed. Though moved by the offerEinstein declined, offering the following statement: I am deeply moved by the offer from our State of Israel [to serve as President], and at once saddened and ashamed that I cannot accept it.
All my life I have dealt with objective matters, hence I lack both the natural aptitude and the experience to deal properly with people and to exercise official functions. For these reasons alone I should be unsuited to fulfill the duties of that high office, even if advancing age was not making increasing inroads on my strength.Albert Einstein () Download MP3 (Right-click or option-click the link.).
This is Steve Ember. And this is Sarah Long with the VOA Special English program, EXPLORATIONS.
Today we tell about a scientist who changed the way we understand the universe, Albert Einstein. Explore the history and discoveries of Isaac Newton, including his work in mathematics and optics and his groundbreaking laws of motion, at yunusemremert.com Memorable Albert Einstein Quotes.
We are pleased that you have stopped by our web site to review our selection of memorable quotes from Albert Einstein. Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire, on 14 March His parents were Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer, and Pauline yunusemremert.com , the family moved to Munich, where Einstein's father and his uncle Jakob founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J.
Einstein & Cie, a company that manufactured electrical equipment based on direct current. Explore Albert Einstein biography. Enjoy reading a success story of a German-born physicist and scientist, the inventor of the special relativity and general relativity theories.
German-born American physicist and scientist The German-born American physicist (one who studies matter and energy and the relationships between them) Albert Einstein revolutionized the science of Died: Apr 18,